Approved by Governor September 30, 2018. Filed with Secretary of State on September 30, 2018.
We want to believe this is going to create progress for Hemp farming in Calif. According to Bruce Perlowin of Hemp Inc, Hemp Inc applauds California’s commitment to agriculture, industrial hemp specifically, with the passing of SB 1409. The new bill, which will go into effect on January 1, 2019, removes the previous requirement that industrial hemp seed cultivators be certified on or before January 1, 2013, finally opening the door for new cultivators to enter the market. This will “unleash a dramatic expansion of hemp farming and hemp businesses” in the nation’s largest state and as a global leader in the industrial hemp industry, with the largest multipurpose industrial hemp processing facility in the western hemisphere, Hemp, Inc. stands to gain an enormous amount of business opportunities in the Golden State.
“This Bill will finally allow farmers in California to partake in this lucrative industry on a broad scale and I applaud Governor Jerry Brown for taking the proactive steps necessary to facilitate the growth of California’s industrial hemp industry,” said Hemp, Inc. CEO, Bruce Perlowin. “The immense opportunity represented by the state’s world-class economy combined with its ideal growing conditions is sure to convince many farmers to switch to hemp. Our new west-coast hemp processing facility in Medford, Oregon, stands to be an excellent resource for all of the new farmers entering the industry as laws continue to evolve. We are also continuing to scout new locations across the country to open additional hemp processing centers.”
Under the bill, “industrial hemp” would no longer be defined in the California Uniform Controlled Substances Act as a fiber or oilseed crop. The bill would delete the requirement that industrial hemp be grown as a densely planted fiber or oilseed crop. By modifying the characterization of a crop for which AUMA sets a minimum acreage, the bill would amend AUMA. The bill would also delete the requirement that an application for registration includes information about whether a seed cultivar is being grown for its grain or fiber, or as a dual purpose crop.
LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL’S DIGEST
This post was originally published on HempToday
The United Nations has adopted a declaration that binds countries to “respect and protect rural needs,” aiming to “incentivize rural policies that include cannabis in their development strategies.”
The Declaration on the Rights of Peasants and Other People Working in Rural Areas is intended to shift cannabis-related discussions out of a “counter-narcotics approach and mindset,” according to a statement by FAAAT (For Alternative Approaches to Addiction), a think tank. It aims to assist countries in making decisions that will advance development of innovative policies and new market perspectives, FAAAT said.
Legacy Cannabis Producers
The declaration is particularly intended to guide policymaking in developing countries with a rich history of cannabis cultivation, in places like Morocco, South Africa and India where rural producers have been the main cannabis cultivators and have suffered disproportionately from global cannabis prohibition; even the UN Development Program has admitted that vulnerable groups such as peasant farmers have suffered most.
“The right to cultivate cannabis plants in the areas where its cultivation is ancestral is recognized and protected by the different international texts protecting indigenous peoples’ traditions,” FAAAT noted.
Policy Conference Set
The declaration comes in advance of the International Cannabis Policy Conference, Dec. 8-9 in Vienna. The conference is the final global meeting before the UN session on drug policy next March during which new Cannabis Treaty scheduling and a 2019-2029 plan of action will be voted by the respective countries.
The declaration was originally proposed by Bolivia, Cuba, Ecuador and South Africa, and is co-sponsored by Algeria, El Salvador, Egypt, Haiti, Kenya, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Philippines, Togo, Venezuela and the State of Palestine. Switzerland also supported the document in the negotiations.
Amidst the steady flow of rancor and partisanship coming from Washington, there is one piece of good news that has not made many headlines. Congress may be on the cusp of removing hemp from the federal controlled substances list and officially classifying it as an agricultural commodity.
Provisions of a standalone bill titled the Hemp Farming Act were included in the larger Farm Bill that recently passed both the House and the Senate. However, the House blocked language to make hemp legalization part of their version of the bill, language the Senate included.
Therefore, a bicameral conference committee must combine both bills into a single piece of legislation that will then go to the president. There is no guarantee that hemp legalization will make it into the final version of the Farm Bill, but the chances are reasonably good considering the bipartisan support legalization currently has. Hemp and marijuana both come from the cannabis sativa L plants but have different attributes. Hemp does not have the psychoactive properties because it has far lower levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) than marijuana. Hemp is cultivated from the stalks and seeds of cannabis sativa plants, which has very low THC content, and not the flower or buds like marijuana.
Traditionally hemp has been used to make thread, cordage, paper, and cloth due in large part to its exceptionally robust and durable qualities. The National Hemp Association contends that industrial hemp has up to 50,000 uses, from agricultural and medicinal to applications in biofuels and construction material. Currently, Canada, China, and Europe grow most of the hemp used to make products in the United States. America used to treat hemp like any other agricultural commodity until the early 20th century when Congress passed the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937. That act levied prohibitive taxes and licensing requirements on farmers of hemp fibers and sellers of hemp products. During World War II, America’s supply of hemp from the Philippines was cut off. To meet the necessary wartime demands for hemp, the federal government lifted restrictions, issued special permits to farms, and subsidized hemp cultivation. Hemp cultivation went back to the status quo after the war when the restrictions and licensing requirements were re-imposed. The Controlled Substances Act of 1970 classified the Cannabis Sativa L plant as an illegal schedule I drug (a classification it shares with heroin, LSD, and ecstasy). This, in turn, imposed strict regulations on the cultivation and research of hemp as an agricultural commodity. Growing hemp was not prohibited per se; however, growers were required to register with the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) which made for a nearly impossible barrier to entry into the market considering the potential civil and criminal liability growers faced for even minor infraction.
The 2014 Farm Bill allowed states to implement laws enabling state departments of agriculture and universities to grow hemp for research purposes. Since 2014 some thirty plus states have industrial hemp programs for research purposes. This allows researchers to grow hemp through registration with state regulatory agencies rather than the onerous and costly process of registering through the DEA. However, the 2014 Farm Bill did not permit hemp cultivation for commercial purposes. Some states have simply ignored the federal prohibition and legalized licensed commercial hemp cultivation within their state borders. Some states did this prior to 2014. Still, growers are not able to sell their raw plants and cannot transport them across state lines under federal interstate commerce regulations until after the first phase of hemp processing. Many states have utilized hemp research and pilot programs to great effect, but have since realized that the benefit to the several states will not come unless the restrictions at the federal level are loosened.
There is an artificial ceiling on the productivity and success of state hemp industries so long as the federal government regulates hemp in the same manner it regulates schedule I drugs. Several essential benefits to hemp commercialization come with federal legalization.
First, it will give states ultimate control over their hemp industries without unnecessary federal intervention. With less federal restrictions and more state control comes innovation.
Next, lifting the restriction on interstate commerce in hemp seeds, plants and products will allow the industry to establish domestic supply chains and tap new commercial markets both domestically and internationally.
Last, federal hemp legalization will open up banking and other financial services to hemp farmers, sellers, manufacturers, and entrepreneurs that have previously either been prohibited or discouraged due to hemp’s designation as a schedule I drug. Access to capital will increase the viability of hemp as a cash crop. Hemp legalization is a significant step in the right direction and one that has not received a lot of attention although it has the potential to make a significant economic impact in the coming years if signed into law.
Nigel Jeffries is an attorney in Charleston.
Here it is the beginning of Fall 2018 and Hemp Industry is in full swing throughout our country and globally! Hemp is changing the landscape of our world reality! It’s exciting to see after my four short but very full years in this mega Hemp industry, the words that continue to ring true more than ever are Hemp is an emerging epic industry, Hemp is leading the way towards natural sustainability in industry, economics, environment, and wellness! Hemp is changing the landscape of our global reality, and Hemp is not going away!
Every day more & more movers & shakers around the globe are discovering the multi-versatile benefits and uses of Hemp, Hemp, Hemp! Hemp oils, hemp fiber, super hemp foods and proteins, hemp clothing, hemp art, amazing hemp textiles, plastics, paper, graphite, 3D-printing and soon, Hemp bio-fuel which could completely alter the face of the petrochemical industrial complex. We are at the beginning of an epic emerging power packed time in history, and we all need to stay informed and engaged. We can only imagine how great this could be in the next 5 years or less! Yes, Hemp could be the new sustainable reality ‘if’ we pull together and free the plant, legalize Cannabis, and let our farmers grow for profit!
The challenges of our Federal Laws concerning the Cannabis Plant are still misleading, convoluted, controlling and damaging to all, to say the least. If you’re not familiar with the Hemp History, check out The Emperor Wears No Clothes with Jack Harare, https://youtu.be/lP7pcGR416A. As the saying goes, the truth will set you free after it blows your mind! This knowledge will also wake you up to what’s really going on here and help you understand why & how Hemp ended up as a Schedule1 drug, still today!
However, I did mention convoluted because Hemp is currently legal in all 50 states to eat, wear, consume as Hemp Oil/CBD and thousands of other uses, including building fire retardant housing. Currently the USA imports over a half billion dollars in Hemp products annually, but, our farmers still can’t grow in America without licensing the Ag dept (so they can study the plant) that’s been in use for 12,000 years of recorded history. It’s a stall tactic of course because hemp could also replace, paper, plastics, petrochemical, and pharmaceuticals… Now what? It’s time for we the people to wake up and declare our human rights for this plant and move forward the Hemp Industry, Hemp Production of Products, Hemp for Sustainability!
Currently and continuing on since 1937, our Federal Government has had a strong hold on keeping Hemp, a non-narcotic Cannabis plant, a Schedule 1 Drug, classified like heroin! This has gone on for over 80 years with the Petro-Chemical-Industrial-Complex running our show. However, we can see clearly as visionary & futurist ‘We the People’ are now making progress and it’s big! May I remind you there’s power in numbers, and may I encourage you to become a part of this Game Changing Revolution – You can join us when subscribing at https://hempingtonpost.com. Your participation when signatures are needed to Pass these Bills into Laws is ultra important! Once you open the #Hemp door, you’ll be forever amazed! The future of Hemp/Cannabis is mind-blowing!
If you would like to contribute to the Hemp revolution via HempingtonPost with Hemp Blogs, Hemp News, Hemp Politics, Hemp Events, Trusted Hemp Products, please reach out to us, me personally, Darlene@HempingtonPost.com.
BTW – now that I am settled in Portland my focus is all things,
Hemp can change our world reality@Hemp. I will be posting often, Hemp is my mission and I know it’s a game changer!
My MO – there is power in numbers so together we grow!
You can always reach out to me – Darlene@HempingtonPost.com
Here it is the beginning of Fall 2018 and Hemp Industry is in full swing throughout our country and globally! It’s exciting to see after my five short but very full years in this mega Hemp industry, the words that continue to ring true more than ever are Hemp is Epic, Hemp is leading the way for natural sustainability in economics, environment & wellness and of course, Hemp is a Game Changer!
Every day there are more & more people globally discovering the multi-versatile uses of Hemp, Hemp, Hemp! From Hemp oils, superfoods and proteins to hemp clothing, hemp art, amazing hemp textiles, 3D-printing and soon, Hemp bio-fuel which could completely alter the face of the petrochemical industrial complex, we can only imagine how great that could be right now, but in 5 years it could be a reality if we pull together and get hemp legalized so our farmers can grow!
There is much emergence, enthusiasm, and confusion within this industry. At times for many, the challenges are a bit overwhelming, especially with the Federal Government having such a strong hold on keeping Hemp a Schedule 1 Drug. However, I can see clearly as a visionary & futurist ‘We the People’ are making progress and it’s big. May I remind you there’s power in numbers, Join the Hemp Game Changers at https://hempingtonpost.com and participate in the signatures needed to pass these bills into laws!
What Hempington Post will address over the next several months, besides our awesome *Trusted Hemp Product Reviews, with my super cool associate Tysha Tinney, is the following…
The CBD/ Hemp Oil Craze and Legalities – with the FDA, EPA, Healthcare and Big Pharma now coming full steam ahead into the Hemp Industry, even the terminology of CBD is being challenged. Some states like, “In the state of Alabama, it is illegal to possess CBD, sell, furnish or conspire with a distributor of CBD,” said Chief Assistant Lauderdale County District Attorney Angie Hamilton. Why, because CBD is a drug, what? Cannabinoids are food for our endo-cannabinoid system, why is this illegal on any level?
HempOil/CBD legal the workplace – Even though CBD/Hemp Oil may be the best medicine food on could get on the planet, most people have the fear of being drug tested and losing their jobs because Hemp contains .03% THC. This is truly no concern of anyone but the lawmakers! This fear of losing their job over a food for our body is preposterous AND it keeps people hooked on heavy meds with terrible side-effects that create more dis-ease. Hemp is not a drug and it has no side effects!
Hemp Farming Legalization in each State. Currently, each state and each county in the state create and abide by their own Cannabis Farming guidelines. Example, Hemp is legal to grow under the Department of Ag guidelines and there are many counties in California that will not allow Cannabis to grow at all; say what? And at the same time, Hemp is still a Schedule 1 Drug with the Federal Government, yet we can eat it, wear it, import over ½ billion dollars a year in Hemp Products, buy and ship hemp products to all 50 states, but we can not legally let our farmers grow, how very convoluted is that!?
Changing the Federal Law to take Hemp out of the Schedule 1 Drug Category, which is the highly narcotic sector! You have to wonder why a non-narcotic plant could be in the same category as Heroin! When you understand the ancient and recent history you can see how powerful the plant and its thousands of uses, and the greed of our forefathers to make it illegal so they could create the almighty petrochemical industrial complex… We now have this moment into time to demand clean sustainable products to work & live with. For this legal changeover, we will need all hands on board to enforce these laws be changed, not only for us but for the generations to come!
Hemp-Crete, Hemp-Crete Homes, Hemp Building for the future sustainable continuum of our world.
There are Hemp Educational Events, EXPOS and Conferences all over the world now and you can see most of them listed on HempingtonPost Social Media. You can also check out HempEvents.org they have it going on there!
Coming Soon Season Special on all Trusted Hemp Products! We have a fabulous hemp product line, growing as we speak. CBD / Skin Care / Hemp Super Foods / Hemp Water Filers & Hemp Clothing’s. Soon to come is Hemp wine, coffee, soaps, water and more Hemp surprises!
I would like to mention we at HempingtonPost are growing organically therefor many of our stories come from other sources who have already sourced the information. We are grateful for all of these media outlets who continue on the Hemp train, like, the Hemp Road Trip, Hemp Today, Ministry of Hemp, Cannabis Culture, Vote Hemp, Industrial Hemp Association, Hemp Industrial Association, Hemp Radio and so many more. We promise to always give mention and full credit where are sources come from!
Welcome #HempBloggers; If you’d like submit your Hemp discoveries here to be published on HempingtonPost please contact us!
Moving forward, ask questions, become informed, share your knowledge! Hemp is epic and not going away! Stay with us at HempingtonPost and let’s have this adventure together, it’s going to be a wild ride and as I said and we know, there’s power in numbers! Let’s grow this baby!
With Warm Regards from my new home base in Portland, Org!
The Cover photo from Harmless Home of hempcrete blocks for a home project in British Columbia. The woody fibers of the cannabis plant — it grows from seed to harvest in about four months — when mixed with lime produces a natural, light concrete that retains thermal mass and is highly insulating.
The Romans have been using it since the days of Julius Caesar, but not to get high. Both Washington and Jefferson grew it.
Now that several states have legalized the use of marijuana for some recreational and medical purposes, one of the biggest untapped markets for the cannabis plant itself — at least one variety — could be as a building tool.
The most sustainable building material is not concrete or steel — it is fast-growing hemp. Hemp structures date to Roman times. A hemp mortar bridge was constructed back in the 6th century, when France was still Gaul.
Now a wave of builders and botanists are working to renew this market. Mixing hemp’s woody fibers with lime produces a natural, light concrete that retains thermal mass and is highly insulating. No pests, no mold, good acoustics, low humidity, no pesticide. It grows from seed to harvest in about four months.
A strain of the ubiquitous Cannabis sativa, the slender hemp plant is truly weedlike in its ability to flourish in a wide variety of climates, growing as high as 15 feet and nearly an inch in diameter. The plant’s inner layer, the pith, is surrounded by a woody core called the hurd. This is the source of the tough fiber, which can be used for rope, sails and paper.
Hemp is typically planted in March and May in northern climes, or between September and November below the equator. Once cut, usually by hand, plants are left to dry for a few days before they’re bundled and dumped into vats of water, which swells the stalks. Those dried fibers are then blended for a variety of uses, such as adding lime. This creates blocklike bricks known as hempcrete.
Industrial hemp contains a mere 0.3 percent of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), the substance responsible for the buzz when smoking weed. The cannabis present at a reggae fest, for instance, contains as much as 20 percent.
The two strains look different, too. Hemp’s sativa is taller; the shorter indica has resiny trichomes accounting for its psychoactive power. The rule goes: the better the budding flower, the poorer the hemp.
Also unlike pot, you cannot grow hemp in an indoor hydroponics setup; the plant’s deep roots need to spread, so outdoor cultivation is required. The plant’s seeds and leaves can be eaten raw, dried into powder or pressed into oils.
Getting a mature plant in just a few months — with less fertilizer than needed for industrial crops like corn, and without chemical fertilizers or bug sprays — makes the potential for profit huge. As hemp taps water underground, its long roots circulate air, which improves soil quality — another boon for farmers looking to rotate crops.
Battling the plant’s powerful drug connotation might be the toughest hurdle for farmers and builders, and is possibly a more formidable obstacle during the Trump administration. The plant is still highly regulated.
This January, though, California legalized use of the plant in full. And the federal farm legislation of 2014 legalized hemp’s cultivation for research purposes in universities in states where it has been approved by law. New York now funds a research initiative for as much as $10 million in grants toward hemp businesses, with participation in the pilot program from institutions that include Cornell University.
Still, in the United States special permits are needed to build with hemp, and the requirements can vary by county and state. The first modern hemp house was constructed in 2010, in North Carolina. There are now about 50 such homes in the country.
But not much hemp is grown here; a little less than 10,000 acres so far, enough for about 5,000 single-family homes. Cultivated acreage in Canada is double that, and in China’s Yunnan province, 10,000 farmers grow it. Roughly 30 nations now produce hemp, including Spain, Austria, Russia and Australia.
Hemp was rediscovered in the 1980s across Europe, where cultivation is legal, and France has became the European Union’s largest hemp producer. Hundreds of buildings across the continent use the substance as insulation to fill walls and roofs, and under floors in wood-framed buildings.
Manufacturers say it is ideal for low-rise construction, a product that is stuccolike in appearance and toxin-free. Its promoters also boast that it has a lower carbon footprint, requiring three times less heat to create than standard limestone concrete.
More like drywall than concrete, hempcrete cannot be used for a foundation or structure; it is an insulation that needs to breathe, said Joy Beckerman, a hemp law specialist and vice president of the Hemp Industries Association, a trade group.
Hemp should not be used at ground level, or it loses its resistance to mold and rot. Lime plaster coatings or magnesium oxide boards have to be applied to anything touching hempcrete, or the lime will calcify it and lose its ability to absorb and release water.
While that sounds like a lot of work, Beckerman pointed to the long-term payoff.
“In many climates, a 12-foot hempcrete wall will facilitate approximately 60-degrees indoor temperatures year-around without heating or cooling systems,” she said. “The overall environmental footprint is dramatically lower than traditional construction.”
There still are not international standards for building with hemp, or codes regulating how it should be used structurally or safely. ASTM International, a technical standards organization, formed a committee to address this in 2017.
Nonetheless, the use of hempcrete is spreading. A Washington state company is retrofitting homes with it. Left Hand Hemp in Denver completed the first permitted structure in Colorado last year. There’s Hempire in Ukraine, Inno-Ventures in Nepal. Israel’s first hemp house was constructed in March on the slopes of Mount Carmel.
Down south, New Zealanders turned 500 bales of Dutch hemp into a property that fetched around $650,000. In Britain, HAB Housing built five homes with hempcrete last year. Canada’s JustBioFiber recently completed a house on Vancouver Island with an interlocking internal framed hemp-block inspired by Legos.
It is a niche but growing sector of the cannabis market. In 2015, the Hemp Industries Association estimated the retail market at $573 million in the United States.
“When I started Hempitecture in 2013 and presented the concept, venture capitalists laughed at the idea,” said Matthew Mead, the founder of Hempitecture, a construction firm in Washington. “Now there are over 25 states with pro-hemp amendments and legislation, and the federal farm bill has its own provision supporting the development of research toward industrial hemp.”
One major issue is cultivation. Although it has been legal to grow hemp in Canada since 1998, farmers need to apply for licenses. In Australia, industrial hemp agriculture has been legal for more than 20 years.
In the United States, a provision in the farm bill removed hemp grown for “research purposes” from the Controlled Substances Act. Farmers and researchers in more than a dozen states can now import hemp seeds. The Industrial Hemp Farming Act, pending in the House for the seventh time, would exempt hemp plants in toto from the controlled substance designation, an Olympic leap toward a burgeoning agro-business.
Much like the “pot-repreneurs” who set up marijuana dispensaries a decade ago, before laws were definitive, a generation is pushing ahead despite uncertainties.
Sergiy Kovalenkov, 33, a Ukrainian civil engineer who spent the last three years building hemp structures and consulting on projects in Ukraine, France, Sweden and Jamaica, is beginning a project in California. The hardest steps, Kovalenkov said, are paperwork, permits and seeds.
“Building codes vary from state to state, with regulations in terms of fire and seismic activities,” he said. “If we’re talking sustainable product, seeds cannot come from Poland or France. It has to come from California.”
Only one facility in the United States processes hemp stocks, in North Carolina. Kovalenkov’s firm, Hempire USA, has also devised its own fiber separation system. “The demand is going to be quite big in the next three to five years,” Kovalenkov said.
But what does a hemp house smell like?
“It smells like comfort,” Kovalenkov said, laughing. “It smells a little like lime. We’re using the stock. You cannot smell cannabis — it has nothing to do with smoking weed or cannabis plants. It’s an industrial agriculture crop.”
In October, representatives from 14 countries attended the seventh annual Hemp Building Symposium at the International Hemp Building Association in Quebec. Terry Radford, the president of JustBioFiber Structural Solutions, an IT-pro-turned-tinkerer, unveiled a prefab hemp composite that could be more attractive to city planners and government building code officials.
“The problem with hempcrete right now,” he said, “is each one has to be inspected and have an exemption from the building code. It’s difficult for builders to get approved. If you’re trying to get a mortgage on your house, it’s pretty restrictive. That’s our biggest challenge.”
“Our idea is to get the material certified by building coders, rather than have each one approved,” he added. “The difference between hempcrete and my block product is that we’re a structural product. Hempcrete by itself is just an insulation.” The startup is preparing to produce a 112,000-square-foot facility in British Columbia.
Mead, the head of Hempitecture, echoes the concerns of others. For farmers to expand, he said, the infrastructure has to be there. Without a network to process materials, “it will be difficult for farmers to know if they can grow this crop and turn a profit.”
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Reposted from the Las Vegas SUN – HarmlessHome & the New York TIMES